Both India and China are rapidly rising, while entering a "strategic cooperative partnership". In fact, the two countries have formed complex relations, cooperative and competitive. This talk will address their unfolding cooperation in expanding economic partnership, balancing economic development and environmental protection, international anti-terror campaign, and collective fixing of financial crisis. It will also discuss their effort in managing their differences in border dispute, nuclear development, and respective regional and global roles.
5:45 - 6:00pm Registration
6:00pm Welcome Remarks
Mr. Suresh Kumar, Vice President of Corporate Relations, SP Jain Center of Management
Assoc. Professor Simon Tay, Chairman, SIIA
6:15pm India-China Relations
Maj Gen Dipankar Banerjee, AVSM, (Retd), Director and Head, Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies
Dr. Shen Dingli, Deputy Director and Professor, Center of American Studies at Fudan University
Assoc. Professor Simon Tay, Chairman, SIIA
7:15pm Question and Answer Session
7:30pm Closing Remarks
MAJ. GENERAL DIPANKAR BANERJEE
Dipankar Banerjee is a retired Major General of the Indian Army and an eminent defence, foreign policy, and strategic studies expert based in India. He is presently the Founding Director of the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, India’s leading independent defence policy, foreign policy and strategic studies think tank based in Indian capital New Delhi.
General Banerjee served in the Indian Army for 36 years until his voluntary retirement in 1996. During his service he held many key command, staff and instructional appointments in India and attended the Staff College in Camberley, UK. His last active command in the army was as the Divisional Commander in Kashmir during 1991 – 1992. He has taught tactics and strategy at the Indian Military Academy, the College of Combat (now the Army War College) and the Defence Services Staff College in India. In recognition of his distinguished service to the Indian Army, General Banerjee received the prestigious military honour Ati Vishist Seva Medal (Highly Distinguished Service Medal) from the President of India.
General Banerjee served as the deputy director of the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, India’s premier defence and security studies think tank, where he was also a senior fellow. He then founded in 1996 the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, where he still serves as the director. From May 1999 to July 2002 he was the director of the Regional Centre for Strategic Studies in Colombo, Sri Lanka, the only South Asian strategic studies institute. He held visiting fellowships at the United States Institute of Peace (Jennings Randolph Fellow) and The Henry L. Stimson Center, Washington, United States. He has been a consultant to the United Nations on the Conventional Arms Register and was an international adviser to the International Committee of the Red Cross during 2000-2004.
His special areas of interest are South Asian foreign policies and security issues, confidence building measures, Asia-Pacific security with a special emphasis on China military policies, non-traditional security, counter terrorism, developments in ASEAN, Indo-US Relations and disarmament to include nuclear weapons elimination. He has published extensively on these subjects in books, periodicals and journals.
Shen Dingli is a professor of international relations at Fudan University, Shanghai. He is the Executive Dean of Fudan University’s Institute of International Studies, and Director of Center for American Studies. He is Vice President of Chinese Association of South Asian Studies, Vice President of Shanghai Association of International Studies, and Vice President of Shanghai Association of American Studies. He is also the Director and Co-Founder of China's first university-based Program on Arms Control and Regional Security. He received his Ph.D. in physics from Fudan in 1989 and did arms-control post-doc at Princeton University from 1989-1991.
Dr. Shen teaches nonproliferation and international security and China's foreign policy, and China-US relations in China, US, and Semester at Sea. His research and publication covers China-US relations, regional security and international strategy, arms control and nonproliferation, foreign and defense policy of China and the US. He was an Eisenhower Fellow in 1996, and advised Kofi Annan of his strategic planning in 2002. He is Shanghai’s Conference Ambassador, and is on the Global Council of Asia Society.
As the world looks on at the rise of Asia and growing importance of China and India, questions arise regarding the dynamics of relationships between the three powers of the world - India, China and the US.
“This relationship between China and India and the development of each are not issues only for each country - these issues transcend borders and affect all of humanity," remarked Prof. Simon Tay, Chairman of Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA), as he opened a recent discussion with Major General Dipankar Banarjee and Prof. Shen Dingli at the S.P Jain Centre of Management on the critical subject of India-China relations.
Major Banarjee began by firstly explaining the history of the India-China relationship. Second, he elaborated on the three vital relationships, namely India-China, India-USA and China-USA. Third, he touched on the three most critical factors facing India-China relations.
He reminded the audience that India and China are in their 60th year of diplomatic relations. Moreover, at the invitation of Premier Li Peng, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi of India paid an official visit to China in 1988 marking the first visit to China by an Indian Prime Minister in 34 years and a major diplomatic event between the two countries.
Major Banarjee also remarked that China's reemergence is a current reality, and that it will take India 10 years to catch up to where China is today. He also added that in the next few months, the historically largest contingent of heads of state and ministers from China will meet in India to hold bilateral talks on various issues, signifying the continued growth in bilateral relations.
Moreover, the Major pointed out three broad factors crucially affecting the India-China relationship - the current state of affairs, outstanding issues and future possibilities.
In terms of current state of affairs, Major Banarjee remarked that although tensions over the undemarcated boundaries remain, they have not amounted to any conflict for the past 35 years while trade between both countries has continued to boom. He called for the attention of three agreements that have positively affected the India-China relationship: The April 2005 political agreement regarding boundary issues; the November 2006 agreement on expanding mutual beneficial prosperity; and the January 2008 agreement also called ' Visions of 21st Century'.
With regards to outstanding issues, Major Banarjee cited the border disputes, growing military prescence of China, naval prescence of China in the Indian Ocean, China's perceived encirclement of India, the China-Pakistan relationship, water sharing resources and imbalances in trade as outstanding issues that remain sources of concern for India.
He concluded his remarks by highlighting the future challenges of the India-China relationship, which include their roles in ensuring equitable international order, climate change, security, terrorism, nuclear non-proliferation and the peaceful use of space.