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SIIA Haze Outlook 2020

23 Jun SIIA Haze Outlook 2020

Download the report here


The SIIA Haze Outlook 2020 report provides a risk assessment of the probability of a severe transboundary haze incident affecting Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore. The haze is a recurring air pollution problem in Southeast Asia, posing serious health hazards and contributing significantly to climate change. The SIIA Haze Outlook is produced by the Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA) with information from several sources and through engagements with our many stakeholders. Our risk assessment is based on three factors: weather (temperature and rainfall conditions), peat (policies and action related to peatland management), and people (fire prevention and suppression efforts on the ground). The SIIA Haze Outlook 2020 is supported by the Lee Foundation.


This is the second annual edition of the SIIA Haze Outlook. Our inaugural report was released at the Singapore Dialogue on Sustainable World Resources, organised in May 2019 by the SIIA. The SIIA Haze Outlook 2020 comprises not only research and analysis but also builds on the SIIA’s ongoing engagement with sustainability and resource sector stakeholders in the region. A total of 13 stakeholders were interviewed for this report, representing a cross-section of palm oil companies, pulp and paper (pulpwood) companies, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and academics.


The SIIA Haze Outlook 2020 was directed by Associate Professor Simon Tay, Chairman, SIIA. The authors are Meixi Gan, Assistant Director (Sustainability), SIIA, Aaron Choo, Assistant Director (International Affairs and Digital Media), SIIA, Khor Yu Leng, Associate Fellow (Sustainability), SIIA, and Nadirah Sharif, Research Associate, Segi Enam Advisors. All views expressed in the report are those of the authors, unless otherwise credited.